Ithacan Immigrant: Delta

This week’s Ithacan Immigrant features Delta, a Laotian national, who came to the U.S. through family reunification. Delta is currently attending TC3 and is taking the steps to become a U.S. citizen.

ISP: Why did you come to US?

I came because I wanted to get a better education and there’s more opportunity.

ISP: Why did you decide to live in Ithaca?

I moved to Ithaca because my mother lived here.

ISP: What was your first impression of Ithaca?

My first impression was it looks almost like Paris, France. It’s a small, cute town.

ISP: What is your favorite American food?

Chicken wings – I usually go to Casablanca.

ISP: Where is your favorite place to shop in Ithaca?

I have lots of places I like – sometimes I like TJ Maxx, I also like thrifting. I go to Trader K’s and and other thrift shops like the Salvation Army.

ISP: What is the biggest difference between Ithaca and your home town?

The people. People in my home time have personal relationships – I feel like people in the U.S. are more distant. People here are more focused on their own business. People in my country are focused on everyone’s business – you jump in and help a family member.


This is What Democracy Looks Like


I will like to say thank you all of you guys for coming to our citizenship ceremony today!! 😊😊 may god bless you all of you. 🙏🏼🙏🏼🙏🏼🙏🏼❤️❤️

I was happy to see the message above posted by Eh K’Pru, one of our citizenship clients, expressing her gratitude to everyone who attended yesterday’s citizenship ceremony.  Thirty new citizens were sworn-in as U.S. citizens at Tompkins County Court House, including Eh K’Pru and her mother, Ah Ku.  Earlier, I had left the courtroom where democracy was certainly in the air especially after a song was performed where the musicians and audience had a back and forth chanting:

 Tell me what democracy looks like!  This is what democracy looks like!

A lot of memories will stay with me because of yesterday’s event.  I’ll remember seeing Eh K’Pru and Ah Ku walk to the front of the courtroom wearing Karen traditional clothing and shake the judge’s hand as they were handed their citizenship certificates.  I’ll think of how grateful I felt for the group of instructors, staff, and tutors from BOCES Adult ESL Program and Tompkins Learning Partners who surrounded the two for a photo op to remember this momentous occasion.  This group of women (pictured above) can be credited for engaging the two in years of classroom instruction and one-on-one citizenship tutoring in order for them to become new citizens.  This is quite an impressive feat!  And I’ll recall how nice it was to see a long line of ESL students file into the courtroom one-by-one to show support for their classmates who were about to be naturalized as U.S. citizens.

Also, added to my memory  bank will be how yesterday’s ceremony was just one day after the 2018 mid-term elections (where the House went back to the democrats). Democracy was still in the air and was illustrated by elected officials giving speeches that encouraged the new citizens to assert their right to vote in future elections.  Members from the Kiwanis Club of Ithaca were also in the lobby just outside the courtroom door where voter registration forms were being offered to the new potential voters.  The theme of democracy played throughout the entire ceremony and will be as memorable as this year’s mid-term elections were where record-breaking numbers of people turned out to vote.

Congratulations to Eh K’Pru and Ah Ku and hopefully in 2020, we’ll see both of them wearing “I Voted” stickers on election day as they assert one of the best perks that comes along with being a U.S. citizen, the right to vote.

Sue Chaffee

Accredited Rep





Call to Action: Oppose the Proposed Public Charge Rule


It’s time to submit a public comment on the public charge rule.

On September 22, 2018, the Trump Administration posted a proposed rule changing the definition of who may be considered a “public charge” in the U.S. The full document can be read here.  Individual immigrants who are looking to maintain or obtain legal immigration status will be severely impacted by this change in policy if it is implemented without changes. Not only is the government proposing to expand the list of public benefits that could prevent immigrants from acquiring legal immigration status but it is also looking to deny applications based on various factors such as age, health, family status, financial status, education, skills and employment history.

Immigration advocacy groups are warning that entire households will be harmed, as there is no way to target individual immigrants without hurting their children and families. Fears are being stoked and reports of immigrants avoiding healthcare are being reported both locally and nationwide.  For example, Tompkins County’s  Mom’s program (Medical Obstetrical and Maternal Services) has reported a steep decline in the number of foreign national pregnant women seeking their services which can potentially result in critical services, such as prenatal care, not being accessed.

But the public has been given an opportunity to fight back by commenting on the government’s website. While the public comment period has been open since October 10, 2018, it doesn’t end until December 10, 2018 so there is still time to take action.

This tweet posted by @cliniclegal (Catholic Legal Immigration Network, Inc.) has a great tutorial on how to navigate the website in order to submit a public comment. At this moment in time, close to 5,000 comments have been made regarding the  proposed changes to the current public charge ground of inadmissibility and hopefully that number will exponentially grow.  CLINIC has also created a list of sample comments that can be personalized.  Keep in mind that identical comments will be automatically filtered out. 

I oppose the proposed rule “Inadmissibility on Public Charge Grounds” because:

  • I object to this proposed rule, which is essentially a wealth test for hardworking immigrants striving to achieve the American Dream.  It has not been proven that the new public charge tests immigrants would have to pass, such as a credit history check, English proficiency, or education, have any actual bearing on their potential.  They seem more like barriers to prevent less affluent applicants from entering.  No changes should be made, and the current definition of public charge should remain in place.
  • No family should have to make the choice between immigration status, stability and protection or receiving public benefits that keep their families fed, healthy and sheltered.  This proposed rule would hurt families and the communities they live in, forcing localities to try to meet these vital humanitarian needs through social services, if any are available.
  • Public benefits exist to help all hardworking families in America who need a little assistance to make ends meet.  Placing this insurmountable barrier between immigrant families and the safety net could have disastrous effects on these families.  Affected immigrants with manageable chronic conditions may be forced to abandon their health coverage, such as Medicaid or Medicare, in order to protect their families, leading to reliance on emergency rooms and other public health consequences.
  • In addition to the societal consequences related to families affected by the rule, the rule’s chilling effect will make the resulting crises even greater.  Immigrants afraid that the rule may apply to them or affect their status in the future may withdraw from benefits, impacting the health and well-being of their family members and communities.
  • The proposed rule is inhumane, affecting families’ ability to access SNAP in order to get the adequate food and nutrition they need in order to maintain immigration status.  Hunger and malnutrition affects a person’s ability to focus, function, and fight off disease.  Hunger is already a serious problem in the United States.  A proposal to add to this epidemic is against the public interest and the progression of our society.

Comments must be submitted in English and if you do not want to include any personal information, a friend or representative can submit a comment for you. As the header on the website says….

Make a difference. Submit your comments and let your voice be heard.

Sue Chaffee

Accredited Rep


Finding Work – An Answer to a Prayer


Jose completing new hire forms

I first met Jose at the end of June when he came to Catholic Charities for immigration legal services.  At the end of his appointment, we were introduced so I could provide him with assistance in finding a new job.  Jose was working 11 hour days/7 days a week and was hoping to find a job that had better hours and better pay. He was also referred to me because he had limited English proficiency and needed help finding new employment despite having a language barrier. Little did we know that less than one week later his workplace would announce that they were closing their doors; in August they began their first round of layoffs.

When asked about how he felt when he found out that his employer for over 7 years was closing, Jose said: “I was a little surprised, but I was hopeful because I had just come here to look for a new job. I had faith that I was going to get another job because of my faith in God and because of the help I’ve received [at Catholic Charities] before.”

 Over the course of two months, I helped Jose apply for nearly a dozen janitorial or manufacturing positions at companies in Ithaca. While we waited to hear back, we practiced understanding and answering common interview questions, first in Spanish, then in English. He was invited to interview for three positions: one at Cayuga Medical Center, one at Ithaca College, and another at Ithaca City School District, where he has been gainfully employed since mid-September as a custodial worker.

For Jose, finding work was, as he says, “an answer to his prayers.” He says that he is content and has learned fast, even though this is the first time he has done work exclusively in cleaning. Jose describes himself as neat and organized, which is evident even down to his elegant penmanship! When I asked him about his new job, he described the sense of satisfaction it brings him:

When I finish cleaning a room, I stand in the doorway and look at the entire space from one side to the other.  I like to survey the work I’ve done. When I see that the room is clean, I can say to myself that I’ve done a good job. That makes me feel good.

Of course, starting a new job always comes with its share of challenges.  Jose told me that one of the reasons he comes to Catholic Charities is because we have always helped him overcome challenges in the past.  According to Jose, “the first time I came here I received help with my citizenship. I’ve had help with learning English and with getting my health insurance. Catholic Charities has helped me get my mom to the United States and  I am getting help to bring my wife. And now I’ve gotten a new job, thanks to you. I am happy. I’m eternally grateful to you.”

Jose also said that since his English is minimal, our help with completing all the employment and immigration paperwork is important. We have navigated through human resource paperwork from background checks and fingerprinting to insurance enrollment and investment planning. Together, we have even received financial counseling on how to rollover his 401k to a 403b and how to choose sound options so that he can continue investing in his future.

In the past few months, Jose has overcome many obstacles aside from the sudden closing of his workplace. His English tutor passed away, his mother’s health has deteriorated, and his car was damaged in an accident. Despite this, he remains as characteristically optimistic and hard working as ever. He likes that he doesn’t have to work on holidays now, but still volunteers to cover shifts for his coworkers and work extra hours on the weekends.  He is also eager to learn more English and plans to start taking ESL classes in the morning at TST BOCES before work.

Paige Cross

Job Development/Case Manager

Ithacan Immigrant: Sonam


This week’s Ithacan Immigrant features Sonam, who emigrated from India to the U.S. with her family in 2013.  In the late 1990’s, her sister filed a family based petition and almost 14 years later they received their immigrant visas.   Sonam and her family now call Ithaca home along with her sister and other Tibetans in our community.  She first came to Catholic Charities several years ago for immigration legal services and recently returned to get assistance with applying for citizenship.  Once she naturalizes, she hopes to return yet again to get help petitioning to bring her parents to the U.S.


ISP: Why did you come to US?

At first, I didn’t want to come to the U.S. because I didn’t have any interest to leave my home.  I had a good job in a hospital and I didn’t want to leave. I heard stories about how many people came here and didn’t find good jobs. But my husband wanted to come for a better life and to raise our kids, so we took a chance.

ISP: Why did you decide to live in Ithaca?

I’d rather live in New York City but my husband really wants to stay here.  He likes the environment, and how calm it is here.  I love New York City but living there can be very complicated and here it is calm.  But I don’t drive so it’s easier to live in a bigger city because down there I can hop on the Metro and go anywhere.

ISP: What was your first impression of Ithaca?

It looks like the place where I came from.  It’s the same as my country – hills, water and trees.  If my parents lived here I would never want to go back to India.

ISP: What is your favorite American food?

I usually cook at home but sometimes we eat American food in restaurants.  Like we went to Ciao and had their pizza.  Another time we went to Texas Roadhouse and ate grilled steak – I liked that a lot.  Most of the time though if we eat out we eat Indian food at Diamonds.

ISP: Where is your favorite place to shop in Ithaca?

For food we go to Wegmans and Walmart and get our fruits at Aldis.  For other shopping we go to Target and Dicks.  Dicks is expensive but has good stuff.

ISP: What is the biggest difference between Ithaca and your home town?

We don’t have heat in our house in India – that’s a big difference.  We don’t have running water that is hot.  We must turn on a geyser, something like a water heater, and it heats the water.  But this is very expensive and we don’t always have electricity.   And a lot of time we don’t have electricity so that makes heating the water even harder.  We bathed standing in a big bucket and then we poured the water over us.  My daughter couldn’t believe it when we came to the U.S. and saw there was a bathtub.  She said she never wanted to go back to India because she wanted to always have a bathtub.


Citizenship Day, 2018


Each year, hundreds of thousands of foreign-born residents become U.S. citizens.

This week, many Americans across the country are celebrated on Constitution Day and Citizenship Day which were both held on September 17.  Constitution Week is also being celebrated and is held from September 17-23.  Citizenship Day is marked by ceremonies and celebrations around the country as many legal permanent residents take the oath of allegiance and become naturalized as U.S. citizens.

In 2009, I met with Eh, who came to the Immigrant Services Program at Catholic Charities to get help to apply to become a U.S. citizen.  Eh, a refugee from Burma, happened to be the first person our program offered citizenship services to.  Since preparing and filing that first application, we have assisted over 700 immigrants in our community to become U.S. citizens.  Because Citizenship Day is a good time for naturalized citizens to reflect what it means to become a U.S. citizen, I asked Eh about some of his thoughts on this topic.

Why did you want to be a citizen?

I couldn’t go back to my country so I had to be a citizen here.  In Burma, I fought the government, which was the army and the military, for a long time because we needed democracy.  We stayed on the Thai Burmese border then finally applied to be refugees. The U.S. government sponsored me as a refugee so I came here.

Has becoming a U.S. citizen changed your life in any way?

I think it’s important to be recognized as a citizen here.  Before I was a citizen we had to worry if we were legal or not even though we came in a legal way.  We wanted to fully feel freedom so we applied to be citizens.  When you’re a citizen you can vote, you have the same say as other people in the U.S.  When you’re not a citizen you can’t vote and you don’t really have freedom.

What do you remember about becoming a U.S. citizen?

First of all, I had to learn English.  When I came to the U.S. I took ESL classes for almost 2 years.  I was here 5 years before I could apply for citizenship.  I came here [Catholic Charities] to get help to make out the application and then after that you tested me several times on things I had memorized.  It was hard to study those things because it wasn’t in my language. I studied for 6 months and learned brand new things every day.  It was a step-by-step process.   You tried to teach me though and encouraged me so I passed.

It’s been almost 10 years since you studied for the test.  Do you remember any of the questions you were asked during your interview?

Oh yes, I’ll always remember them.  They asked me about Independence Day, who the first president was, and the history about the United State.  They asked me what river is the longest one, what state is the largest, and about the holidays in the United States.

I remember us repeatedly practicing who the speaker of the house was so I asked Eh if he remembered the correct answer and he did, Nancy Pelosi.

What do you remember about the ceremony?

I felt really good.  They had us to go to DeWitt Middle School and had the room fixed up real nice for the ceremony.  I looked out and I could see some of my friends had come to watch.  I couldn’t understand everything that was being said but I could understand some of it.  I was happy because I felt like I was legal, I could vote, and now I had freedom in the U.S.   

Sue Chaffee

Accredited Rep

Growing Up in a Mixed Status Family


Sara visiting Taughannock Falls, Ithaca NY

I recently met with Sara who is the U.S. citizen child of parents who are unauthorized. Immigration policy researchers estimate there are several million children living in mixed status families, similar to Sara’s, where there is at least one citizen or legal immigrant child and at least one parent who is an unauthorized immigrant (Migration Policy Institute, 2016).  In Sara’s case, both of her parents are unauthorized and she and her 3 siblings were born in the U.S.

We spoke about the fact that Sara will be turning 21 soon and therefore will be eligible to apply for her parents to begin the green card process.  However, to become a legal permanent resident through a U.S. citizen child who has turned 21, an unauthorized parent must either be eligible to adjust their status in the U.S. or face leaving the country.

The facts that Sara presented about her case suggested her parents would have to go back to Mexico for consular processing.  Since they had accrued more than 1 year of unlawful presence in the U.S. they would automatically trigger the unlawful presence ground of inadmissibility which in turn would bar them from reentry for 10 years.  Even though there is potentially a path to citizenship for Sara’s parents, it would be a long road.

When asked if being part of her parent’s legalization process concerned her, Sara replied,

Sometimes I have looked into getting them their papers but it’s not my priority.  Also, I know my parents have a lawyer.  They know that when I turn 21 they can start filing some paperwork.  So, I think about it sometimes, but it doesn’t consume me.  But still, 10 years is a really long time.

In the past I have assisted other U.S. citizen children who were born to unauthorized parents start the green card process.  However, those cases were for parents who were inspected at the U.S. border and therefore they could go through the whole green card process without leaving the U.S.  The inspection by a U.S. immigration officer was pretty much their ticket to a much easier process than the one that parents like Sara’s would have who entered without inspection.

Even though Sara’s parents would have to return to their home country for 10 years, she still felt optimistic about her future and the futures of her 3 siblings because she felt like she had helped fulfill her parents dreams which was to be successful in school.

I think one of my parents’ main goals in coming to the U.S. was to have better educational opportunities for us [their children].  My dad was 17 and I think originally, he planned on making money and then go back home.  But he met my mother when they attended adult education classes and then they got married.  I think my parents wanted to live here so they could give us a better education than they had.

Growing up I felt there was more pressure to do well in school or do great things because other immigrants come here and can barely speak English.  It put pressure on us that our parents expected a lot of us because we were born here.  Imagine you don’t do well with your grades and your cousins in Mexico do better. I graduated in the top 3% of my class though and got accepted into 3 colleges.

Even though Sara’s parents would have to leave the U.S. for 10 years if she is successful in getting their green card process started when she turns 21,  she thinks her entire family will be okay.

For my family, it comes down to intellectual capital. My parents really value education and me and my siblings have done very good in school with no tutors or other assistance.  We have been able to be at the level of other students who were not first generation.  A lot of people think if they send their kids to work, the family will be successful; education isn’t a priority. But I don’t think that’s the case.  Higher education is a long-term investment and that’s how you get your career.  In that sense my parents have achieved what they wanted to by coming to the U.S.  If my parents have to leave, I’m pretty sure me and my sibling wouldn’t go with them.  But we would be okay.  By the time they’d have to leave, we’d be in college and in the long-term we will have careers.

When asked about the positives and negatives of her parents leaving the U.S. and the 10 year bar they would trigger, Sara had mixed feelings.

If my parents go back to Mexico, they would have more freedom.  They wouldn’t have restrictions about going out and would no longer have to worry about being deported. Plus, they would be able to get jobs because they have a lot of connections there.  But it’s pretty sad knowing what my parents have contributed to this country and the fact that they would have to leave.  Obviously, there is a plethora of undocumented immigrants in the U.S. and the fact that they can’t become citizens is ridiculous.

Sue Chaffee

Accredited Rep


Ithacan Immigrant: K’Pru


For this week’s Ithacan Immigrant, we interviewed K’Pru, a Karen refugee who was resettled in the U.S. after spending over 14 years in a refugee camp in Thailand.  K’Pru, along with his mother and sister, came to Catholic Charities for our legal immigration services shortly after they relocated to the Ithaca area to get help in adjusting their status from refugees to  legal permanent residents.  Now (4 years later) we are assisting the family once again so they can become U.S. citizens.


ISP: Why did you come to US?

I came because of the civil war in Burma and my family wasn’t safe.  We moved to Thailand then came here.

ISP: Why did you decide to live in Ithaca?

I wanted to live close to my cousin and wanted to learn English and find a job.

ISP: What was your first impression of Ithaca?

When I came here it was spring time and Ithaca looked nice.  It was a small town and I liked how it looked.

ISP: What is your favorite American food?

Pasta – I like spaghetti.  I eat that at the Statler.

ISP: Where is your favorite place to shop in Ithaca?

I like TJ Maxx.  The store is cheaper and they have everything that I want.

ISP: What is the biggest difference between Ithaca and your home town?

In Burma, it was very different. We lived in a small village and had a house made out of bamboo.  We had a farm with small animals, cows, pigs, ducks, chicken and we planted vegetables, peanuts and rice.  Here we living in an apartment and  we garden in the community garden (the one that is next to Aldi’s).



Call to Action: Prepare for Proposed Change to Public Charge Policy


You can help!

Don’t let a change to immigration application standards hurt millions of families

About the proposed rule

The administration is expected to issue a proposed rule making it much more difficult for immigrants to apply for legal immigration status in the United States. The proposed rule drastically expands the definition of what it means to be a public charge, which could prevent an immigrant from maintaining or obtaining legal immigration status.

Previously, the government banned immigrants on public charge grounds if it found they would likely depend on public cash assistance or need long term medical care in an institution at the government’s expense. Under the proposed new rule, the definition is so expanded that it could deny immigrants legal status if any of their dependents, including U.S. citizen children, have used benefits established to help the entire community.

Why it matters

This proposed rule will hurt and separate families. As people of faith, we are called to stand with families, for the common good of all and to defend those made vulnerable by unfair policies.

This planned expansion of public charge forces parents to choose between needed public assistance to keep their children fed and healthy or leaving their family vulnerable to separation. It means pregnant women have to pick between care for their babies or applying for an immigration status that will improve their families’ lives permanently.

What you can do

When the proposed rule is published, there will be a period, likely 60 days, when the public can submit written comments to the federal government opposing the rule. The number of comments submitted during this period will impact whether the proposed rule will be finalized as-is, or if it will be revised. This is our best chance to make a difference. When the proposed rule is published, CLINIC will provide instructions on how to submit a comment. Learn more at

Prepare now: Your voice matters!

  1. If you are a member of a church or organization, start talking to leadership about having your organization submit a comment. Have the proper permissions in place so that you are ready to act when the rule is published.
  2. Start thinking through exactly how this rule will affect your particular community. Write some notes that can be inserted into your comment.
  3. Ask your place of worship or a local community center if they can offer space to discuss the rule when it is finally announced.
  4. Talk to others in your community about this proposed rule to raise awareness and help increase the number of comments submitted against this rule.
  5. Encourage members of your place of worship to brainstorm how you can provide alternative forms of assistance for families, such as a non-governmental community fund.

For the latest information, visit:

Ithacan Immigrant: Paw Ta Shue


For this week’s Ithacan Immigrant we spoke to Paw Ta Shue who has working at Catholic Charities this past summer as one of the United Way high school interns placed at various worksites in our community.  Paw Ta Shue originally came to the U.S. as a refugee from Burma and her entire family received assistance from Catholic Charities to become U.S. citizens.  She has plans of one day of pursuing dentistry as a career.


ISP: Why did you come to US?

My family came to the U.S. as refugees and we wanted more opportunities, better education and to be safe.

ISP: Why did you decide to live in Ithaca?

My cousins lived here and they invited us to come because we didn’t know anyone else in the U.S.

ISP: What was your first impression of Ithaca?

We got here at the night and nobody picked us up so we were lost in the airport. My cousins were supposed to pick us up but they were a little bit late.  It was kind of dark so I couldn’t see anything outside.  So my first impression was that it was dark and I was feeling like we were lost.

ISP: What is your favorite American food?

I like veggie pizza.

ISP: Where is your favorite place to shop in Ithaca?

I like to go to Kohl’s because they have so many outfits.  I love beauty – jewelry, make up, dresses, anything to do with beauty.  Kohl’s has all of that.

ISP: What is the biggest difference between Ithaca and your home town?

I was raised in a refugee camp so everything is different; the place, the stores, the school, the weather, the food and the culture.  For example, they had a small bamboo house and they hung up the clothing.  There they didn’t have a store that you walk around but they had a house.  In the Thailand camp we bought our food in small markets where everything was fresh or alive.  They had things like fresh fruits, live chickens and live catfish.  We took these fresh things home and cooked.  We didn’t have a refrigerator but we had a little cook stove where we made our own fire.  It’s so different than it is here.